Are Bell Peppers Acidic? Are Bell Peppers Bad for Acid Reflux?

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Lindsay Ewan, MD
Lindsay Ewan, MD
Dr. Lindsay Ann Ewan, MD is Chief Medical Officer at Ethics Advisors, LLC. She worked previously as a Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Adolescent Medicine, University of Oklahoma. She have done Masters in Public Health, University of South Florida and Doctor of Medicine from University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Do you know that many people believe bell peppers are vegetables? The truth, however, is that bell peppers are fruits that come in various hues, and each hue and flavor combination is unique.

Some people also wonder about the health benefits of bell peppers. And some people are concerned because they are sensitive to acidic foods. What do you think? Are bell peppers acidic?

The short answer is yes, bell peppers are slightly to moderately acidic. On the pH scale, anything with a pH under 7 is acidic, anything with a pH over 7 is alkaline, and things with a pH of exactly 7 are precisely neutral. Because the pH values of bell peppers range from 4.8 to 5, bell peppers are definitely categorized as acidic. They are not as acidic as some fruits such as citrus fruits, but they definitely do have an acidic pH. It is interesting to note that the pH level of bell peppers differs somewhat from one variety to another.

In the following article, we will dive into a lot more detail about bell peppers, including the acidity of bell peppers, the benefits of bell peppers, and their connection to acid reflux.

Are Bell Peppers Acidic or Alkaline?

The pH level of bell peppers lies between 4.8 – 5.2, which is slightly acidic. Bell peppers do not contain significant amounts of acids, and therefore tend to have only a slightly acidic pH.

The pH of Bell Peppers

The pH of bell peppers typically falls between 4.8 and 5.2 on the scale. This is correlated to the fact that they contain a fair amount of acidic compounds. Bell peppers are an excellent food with many health benefits, but if you are dealing with acid reflux, bell peppers are a food that it might be better to avoid.

Bell Peppers

Let us see the different pH values of bell papers according to their varieties.

Variety of Bell PepperspH Value
Red Peppers4.82-5.24
Green Peppers5.20-5.93
Yellow Peppers4.45-5.45
Canned Peppers4.22-4.92
Table 1: pH Values of different types of Bell Peppers

From the above table, we can see the pH levels of different varieties of bell peppers. We can see that green bell peppers have the highest level of pH (meaning they are the least acidic).

In fact, green peppers have a pH that is very close to neutral. Meanwhile, canned peppers have the lowest pH, indicating that they are the most acidic.

Related Article: Is Broccoli acidic? Broccoli and Acid Reflux: Good or bad

Do Bell Peppers Make Heartburn Symptoms Worse?

Bell peppers don’t contain the chemical known as capsaicin, which is responsible for the spicy flavor of some peppers and has been shown to worsen heartburn symptoms. Those who have severe heartburn definitely need to avoid highly spicy foods.

For bell peppers, the recommendation is less black and white. Bell peppers are a good source of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals, but they also contain a fair concentration of organic acids. If you have significant gastroesophageal reflux disease or gastritis, bell peppers are probably a food you want to avoid.

Bell Peppers for Acid Reflux: To Eat Them or to Avoid Them?

Suppose you suffer from heartburn or acid reflux. In that case, the good news is that avoiding bell peppers is not something that is generally recommended.

Even further, people with heartburn or acid reflux issues (like all people) should eat foods rich in antioxidants, and bell peppers are rich in these compounds. Bell peppers are also rich in vitamin C.

Do Bell Peppers Cause Gastritis?

Different people may have varying degrees of tolerance for different foods. Hence, if someone experiences heartburn after consuming them, it’s probably best to steer clear of them.

Red peppers, like all the other bell peppers, are not thought to cause significant heartburn. Moreover, they are recommended as tolerable for those who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Do Bell Peppers Help with Acid Reflux?

Bell peppers are high in potassium and contain other nutrients that can counteract the effects of highly acidic foods, making reflux symptoms less severe.

But wait – this doesn’t mean that you eat unlimited peppers. Most foods, if eaten in excess, can cause gastrointestinal upset, and bell peppers are no exception. When eaten in large quantities, bell peppers have been known to sometimes cause heartburn in susceptible people.

Should I Avoid Bell Pepper While I Have Gastritis?

Bell peppers are moderately acidic fruits, with a moderately low pH. Typically, eating them will not worsen gastritis because they do not often exacerbate any symptoms of gastritis or acid reflux.

Eating large quantities of bell peppers can sometimes result in heartburn. You should try to keep your consumption of this fruit to a moderate level if you notice that you experience severe GERD symptoms after consuming them.

Related Article: Are Peaches Acidic? Do Peaches Trigger Acid Reflux?

Should I Add Bell Peppers to My Diet?

Bell peppers are a relatively low-calorie food, and are simultaneously high in nutritional content, including several essential vitamins. Vitamin C is one example. In addition to assisting in iron absorption, vitamin C also speeds up wound healing.

It is also possible that it plays a part in preventing several health issues, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. Let’s see some of its benefits.

Bell Peppers Health Benefits

Role in Lowering Blood Pressure

Specialists hypothesize that diets rich in vitamin C can assist in regulating blood pressure. Vitamin C has a diuretic effect, which helps the body get rid of excess fluid. Eliminating excess fluid from the body might assist in lowering abnormally high blood pressure.

Reduced Risk of Heart Attacks

Bell peppers also include an anticoagulant that helps prevent the blood clots responsible for heart attacks. This is in addition to the fact that bell peppers may have a role in lowering blood pressure.

Maintaining Digestive Tract Health

Bell peppers are an excellent source of dietary fiber. One important role of dietary fiber is to increase “stool bulk,” or the volume of stools. This helps the gastrointestinal system function properly, and helps to maintain and improve digestive health. A high-fiber diet also helps lower the risk of developing hemorrhoids.

Related Article: Are Raspberries Acidic and Cause Acid Reflux?

How Nutritious Are Bell Peppers?

Bell peppers have many positive qualities. They are low in calories and high in beneficial nutrients. Vitamin C and fiber are abundant in every variety.

Let us have a look at the nutrients in the table below.

Nutrient ContentAmounts(Serving Size 1 each)
Energy30 cal
Protein1 gm
Carbohydrate7 gm
Vitamin C190 mg
Fiber2 gm
Fat0 gm
Table 2: Bell Peppers and their nutrients values

Bell peppers are one of the healthiest foods. They can provide energy as well as provide an excellent source of fiber. Bell peppers are an excellent addition to most diets.


Are bell peppers good for acid reflux?

Yes, they are – usually. The pH level of bell peppers is not very low, which means they are not acidic enough to trigger acid reflux in most people. Moreover, they are an excellent source of antioxidants, which are beneficial for general health.

Are bell peppers alkaline?

No, they are not. They are acidic, but some varieties have a pH fairly close to neutral.

Do bell peppers cause heartburn?

Generally the answer to this is no. You may be happy to learn that bell peppers do not have any capsaicin, which is the compound found in spicy peppers that can trigger acid reflux.

Bell peppers are much more easily tolerated by people who suffer from acid reflux. But as with any food, if you notice that you have symptoms after eating it, you should stop eating it until you can discuss your concerns with your doctor.


In the above article, we have learned many things about whether or not bell peppers are acidic. Let’s summarize to make sure you have learned the main points.

Bell peppers are an excellent food for acid reflux because of their fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants. However, if eaten in excess, they can cause distress – like most foods can.

Not everyone tolerates the same foods in the same way. If you find that you have symptoms when eating bell peppers, please avoid eating them until you can discuss these symptoms with a qualified medical professional.

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